York, Frederick Augustus, Duke Of York
Second son of George III. He was an
unsuccessful commander in the
Netherlands 1793–99 and British
commander-in-chief 1798–1809. He was
made a duke in 1784.
The nursery rhyme about the
‘grand old duke of York’ who marched his
troops up the hill and down again
commemorates him, as does the Duke of
York's column in Waterloo Place, London.